See also . The risk of OS reversing this attitude must be taken into consideration before using OS maps based on this interpretation. The key to the naval war was control of the Atlantic. The plan they and their staffs devised failed to foresee every circumstance that would occur on the battlefield, particularly the difficulties Bradley’s forces would encounter in the bocage, but it was still a masterpiece of innovation that provided  ample means for Allied commanders to prevail. Because grids ignore the curvature of the Earth, this is not the same as true north. Meanwhile, Montgomery’s careful plan for the attack had begun to unravel on D-Day itself.
Even so, the troops on SWORD were off the beach within an hour of landing and by dark had joined up with the forces of the British 6th Airborne Division. These shining white monoliths supported theodolites and were intervisible, with surveyors standing at one pillar to observe lights on others. Smith transformed COSSAC into the supreme headquarters Morgan had envisioned and installed Morgan as his deputy.
Montgomery would carry out final planning and coordinate the early phases of the attack. Mussolini’s decision to declare war on a statistically weaker Britain in the Mediterranean may have seemed a worthwhile gamble. Fortunately for the reader (and the writer), the Allies converted to British summer time on 17 September 1944 and the Germans vent back to middle European time on 2 October 1944; as a result both forces used the same clock; time in the Ardennes. Himmel. — Figuren zur mathematischen Geographie (1b) Лист 3. Ostliche und westliche Halbkugel. — Theil von Australien (2a) Лист 4. Planiglob in Mercators Projection. Its presence in the area had been suspected by some intelligence analysts, but the evidence they presented had proved too uncertain to affect planning for the attack. The site would have to be within the range of fighter aircraft based in Great Britain but also on ground flat enough to construct the airfields that would become necessary once the invading force moved off the beaches and out of the range of its initial fighter support.